The next Korean irregular verb type is the ㄷ irregular verb. As the previous irregular verbs, it is recognized by one of its batchim. This time it’s the ㄷ. Some common verbs are among the ㄷ irregular verbs so you really need to master their conjugation. The main issue with this group’s conjugation is that it might confuse you. Let’s take a look.

ㄷ To ㄹ Confusion

The main idea behind this verb group’s irregularity won’t be so strange to you if you have learned the previous irregular verb group’s rules such as those of the ㅂirregular verbs. The rule goes that whenever a verb ending starts with a vowel, the ㄷ transforms into a ㄹ. That sounds easy, and for the most part it pretty much is very easy.

[pullquote-left]Even though the ㄷ changes into ㄹ, you keep treating it as a consonant ending for all verb endings.[/pullquote-left]

However, as you know certain verb endings treat ㄹ as a vowel, verb endings such as -(으)ㄹ까요 or -(으)ㄹ 거예요. This is where the ㄷ irregular verbs enb up confusing most Korean learners. The rule here is that even though the ㄷ changes into ㄹ, you keep treating it as a consonant ending even for those verb endings. Let’s visualize it:

Example: 듣다 = 듣 + (으)ㄹ까요 = 들 + 까요 = 들을까요.

There is another little side note that needs to be mentioned. Like was the case for the ㅂ irregular verb, not all verbs with the ㄷ batchim are irregular. They can just as well be regular. Among those regular ㄷ verbs are: 닫다, 받다 and 믿다. You’ll need to make sure you know which are and which are not irregular.

Let’s Study Together

Learning a language often involves mastering its many quirks. Time to get used to a few of the ㄷ irregular verbs. I made this short list of useful ㄷ irregular verbs for you:

  • 듣다 – To listen; To hear
  • 묻다 – To ask
  • 걷다 – To walk
  • 깨닫다 – To realize; To notice
  • 싣다 – To load (things into something else)

While there might be fewer verbs in this group compared to the other irregular verbs, you cannot start ignoring this group. It’s irregularity sets it apart from different verbs. If you know any other ㄷ irregular verb you think ought to be part of this roster, please let us know in the comments, via social media or Korean Study Group Facebook group. That way we can update our verb lists and you’ll help others at the same time!

ㄷ Irregular Verb Summary
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A short summary on the ㄷ irregular verbs