The second group of irregular verbs we are going to discuss is one you can identify as ㄹ irregular verb. All the verbs in the group have stems that end on the consonant. ㄹ. Because this ending this verb group has a quirky conjugation at times. However, like the previous irregular group, it is just a matter of knowing the trick behind it.

Disappearing ㄹ

As mentioned in the post on ㅡ irregular verbs, irregular verbs are recognized based on the last letter of their verb stem. In the case of this group of irregular verbs, we spot it by the ㄹ. To be honest, these verbs are a bit more of a hassle to conjugate, because their quirkiness requires a bit more consideration. For the ㄹ irregular verb there are two rules to keep in mind:

  1. When a grammar ending begins with ㅂ,  ㄴ or ㅅ, we omit the ㄹ from the verb stem. You treat it then as a verb with a stem with a vowel ending.
  2. When a grammar ending begins with 으, we also omit the 으 instead. We thus the ㄹ as a vowel.

This sounds easy, but you will need time to ease yourself into these conjugation rules. Especially the second rule as some grammar endings will seemingly end up attaching another ㄹ. That, of course, doesn’t happen. It is more simple really. You simply don’t add that obsolete, additional consonant. So let’s take a look at that, shall we?

Example: 만들다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 만들 + ㄹ거예요 = 만들 거예요.

Let’s Study Together

As always verbs and adjectives are an essential part of a language. As mentioned many times, you’ll frequently use irregular verbs. Therefore  you simply cannot ignore them. You simply need to master them to increase your proficiency. Some of the most important verbs for beginners are ㄹ irregular verbs.

If you know any other ㄹ irregular verb you think ought to be part of this roster, please let us know in the comments, via social media or Korean Study Group Facebook group. That way we can update our verb lists and you’ll help others at the same time!

ㄹ Irregular Verb List

한국어 Meaning
열다 To open
멀다 To be far
알다 To know, to understand
만들다 To make
길다 To be long, to be lengthy
놀다 To play
걸다 To hang (up)
달다 To be sweet
밀다 To push
울다 To cry (over/about)
들다 To hold, to take
힘들다 To be tiresome, to be difficult
돌다 To turn [direction]; to rotate
팔다 To sell
스트레스를 풀다 To relieve stress, to get rid of stress
풀다 To untie, to undo, to unwrap, to unfasten, to take off
불다 To blow; To breathe
이끌다 To lead, to guide
돈이 들다 To cost money, to take money
마음에 들다 To take one’s fancy
손을 내밀다 To reach out for one’s hand, to hold out one’s hand
거칠다 To be rough, to be course, to be uneven, to be rugged
날이 저물다 The night falls
늘다 To grow, to increase, to rise, to swell; To gain [weight]
갈다 To change, to replace, the renew
소리 내어 울다 To cry loudly, to weep loudly
기울다 To incline, to tilt, to lean
달려들다 To attack, to pounce on
빙빙 돌다 To turn around and round, to swirl
물다 To bite; To snap [animals])
Irregular Verbs: ㄹ Irregular Verb
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A simple summary on the ㄹ irregular verb.