The second group of irregular verbs we are going to discuss is one you can identify as ㄹ irregular verb. All the verbs in the group have stems that end on the consonant. ㄹ. Because this ending this verb group has a quirky conjugation at times. However, like the previous irregular group, it is just a matter of knowing the trick behind it.
As mentioned in the post on ㅡ irregular verbs, irregular verbs are recognized based on the last letter of their verb stem. In the case of this group of irregular verbs, we spot it by the ㄹ. To be honest, these verbs are a bit more of a hassle to conjugate, because their quirkiness requires a bit more consideration. For the ㄹ irregular verb there are two rules to keep in mind:
- When a grammar ending begins with ㅂ, ㄴ or ㅅ, we omit the ㄹ from the verb stem. You treat it then as a verb with a stem with a vowel ending.
- When a grammar ending begins with 으, we also omit the 으 instead. We thus the ㄹ as a vowel.
This sounds easy, but you will need time to ease yourself into these conjugation rules. Especially the second rule as some grammar endings will seemingly end up attaching another ㄹ. That, of course, doesn’t happen. It is more simple really. You simply don’t add that obsolete, additional consonant. So let’s take a look at that, shall we?
Example: 만들다 + (으)ㄹ 거예요 = 만들 + ㄹ거예요 = 만들 거예요.
Let’s Study Together
As always verbs and adjectives are an essential part of a language. As mentioned many times, you’ll frequently use irregular verbs. Therefore you simply cannot ignore them. You simply need to master them to increase your proficiency. Some of the most important verbs for beginners are ㄹ irregular verbs.
If you know any other ㄹ irregular verb you think ought to be part of this roster, please let us know in the comments, via social media or Korean Study Group Facebook group. That way we can update our verb lists and you’ll help others at the same time!
ㄹ Irregular Verb List
|멀다||To be far|
|알다||To know, to understand|
|길다||To be long, to be lengthy|
|걸다||To hang (up)|
|달다||To be sweet|
|울다||To cry (over/about)|
|들다||To hold, to take|
|힘들다||To be tiresome, to be difficult|
|돌다||To turn [direction]; to rotate|
|스트레스를 풀다||To relieve stress, to get rid of stress|
|풀다||To untie, to undo, to unwrap, to unfasten, to take off|
|불다||To blow; To breathe|
|이끌다||To lead, to guide|
|돈이 들다||To cost money, to take money|
|마음에 들다||To take one’s fancy|
|손을 내밀다||To reach out for one’s hand, to hold out one’s hand|
|거칠다||To be rough, to be course, to be uneven, to be rugged|
|날이 저물다||The night falls|
|늘다||To grow, to increase, to rise, to swell; To gain [weight]|
|갈다||To change, to replace, the renew|
|소리 내어 울다||To cry loudly, to weep loudly|
|기울다||To incline, to tilt, to lean|
|달려들다||To attack, to pounce on|
|빙빙 돌다||To turn around and round, to swirl|
|물다||To bite; To snap [animals])|