The first group of irregular verbs we are going to discuss is the one you can identify as ㅡ irregular verb. All the verbs in the group have stems that end on the vowel ー. Because this ending this Korean irregular verb group has a quirky conjugation at times. Once you know it’s trick, you won’t have any difficulties conjugating these verbs.

Disappearing ㅡ

As mentioned you can tell which verb is irregular by simply looking at the verb stem. Verbs with a stem ending on ㅡ are members of the ㅡ irregular verbs. The gimmick of these verbs is that the ㅡ, without exception, is omitted when the verb uses a conjugation starting with either 아/어. Quite a simple rule, no?

However, the question then becomes how do you pick between 아 or 어. To pick between those you need to look at the syllable before the final verb stem syllable. When you do that you simply fall back on the regular conjugation rules:

  • Use 아 when the syllable has either the vowel ㅏ or  ㅗ.
  • Use 어 for all the rest.

There is, though, one other possible situation: the verb stem is only one syllable. In that case you also use 어.

With that rule explained you can now conjugate all ㅡ irregular verbs. It is that easy. It is important you master this verb as many commonly used verbs and adjectives are member of this prestigious club.

Let’s Study Together

Verbs and adjectives are an essential part of a language.Personally I consider them the post important aspect of a language since verbs open up so many possible ways to express yourself. Irregular verbs are often the most important verbs you’ll learn since they are often among the most commonly used verbs.

These are a few ㅡ irregular verbs. They can be pretty useful.

  • 예쁘다 – To be pretty
  • 바쁘다 – To be busy
  • 아프다 – To hurt; To be sick
  • 고프다 – To be hungry
  • 크다 – To be big
  • 나쁘다 – To be bad
  • 쓰다 – To write; To use | To be bitter
  • 기쁘다 – To be happy
  • 슬프다 – To be sad
  • 잠그다 – To lock

If you know any other ㅡ irregular verb you think ought to be part of this roster, please let us know in the comments, via social media or Korean Study Group Facebook group.

ㅡ Irregular Verbs
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