The second hanja of today and the second numeral is the hanja 十 [십]. As I told you in the previous 八 [팔] article, I’m doing three hanja word drills today as my list had 2 numerals in line and numerals are the least interesting hanja for vocabulary building. Yet, they still deserve their own unique post like any other Hanja will get.

Hanja #11: 十 – 열 십

When you use the hanja character 十 [십], it is the same as if you were to use the number 10. While It ought to be obvious to you, I will still mention it , this character is the sino-Korean number 10. It is not the native Korean number 열. As with the hanja 九 [구], this hanja has little use in vocabulary except when used with words implying order or counting, at most it could be used in names. This hanja, however, is used a lot in combination with other hanja numerals to form the tens, such as 九十 [구십] (90) and 八十 [팔십] (80).

A little side note on this hanja. When you use this hanja to say ‘October’ in Korean with the hanja 月 [월], the pronunciation is slightly different. Instead of it being  [십], you need to pronounce it as [시]. Therefore this you do not pronounce  十月 as [십월], but as [시월].

If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments.

Our 十 Vocabulary List

*Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb.

한국어 Meaning 한자어
Ten, 10
시월 October
팔십 Eighty, 80
십구일 19th day
십일월 November
십이월 December
Hanja Word Drill: 十 – 열 십
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Hanja Word Drill: 十 – 열 십