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Exploring Korea & Learning Korean

Hanja Word Drill: 長 – 길 장, 어른 장

Nov 14,17

We have come at the end. The last hanja of the 8th Hanja level we will discuss is 長 장. It is one of the hanja characters that has two very different uses. One of those uses will remind you in a way of the character 人 인 (person). Let’s take a gander at our final hanja, shall we? Hanja #50: 長 – 길 장, 어른 장 長 장 is a hanja that has two distinct meanings and as such it has two 음훈. The first meaning it can represent is ‘length’ and the second meaning is ‘adult’. Because of those meanings the vocabulary that uses the hanja can have completely different meanings. One group will have to do with the length of things, while the other group of vocabulary are all persons, many of them occupations. So as you can imagine it is an interesting character to know. With this we have come at the end of our journey through all 50 hanja that make up the 8th hanja level. These hanja are in a way important to know as it can help you understand words you do not actively know. However, the vocabulary we give with each hanja in hangeul is, of course, always more important. If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 長 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 교장 Principal, headmaster 校長 실장 Department Head 室長 생장 Growth and development 生長 장녀 Oldest daughter 長女 학장 Dean 學長 장목 Lumber, timber 長木

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Hanja Word Drill: 木 – 나무 목

Nov 14,17

We are almost at the end of the 8th level of hanja. The next to the last hanja we’ll discuss is another easy one most people tend to recognize: 木 목. I think most of you already know the meaning of the hanja, but let’s give it a gander like all characters, shall we? Hanja #49: 木 – 나무 목 木 목 is a rather simple hanja that most of you will probably recognize. It is the character that represents ‘tree’. While this is character most people know, certainly Koreans, this is a character that will only pop up during conversation rarely. The only common word that uses this character is 목요일 木曜日, Thursday. Most other words are used less often in daily conversation, though it can pop up now and then. Regardless it is an elementary hanja so it is a thing to know. If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 木 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 토목 Civil engineering; Public works 土木 장목 Lumber, timber 長木

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Hanja Word Drill: 山 – 메 산

Nov 14,17

Even though we are near the end of our hanja journey, that needn’t mean we only will see more difficult hanja. This hanja is perhaps the easiest hanja to remember. The hanja is 山 산 and I bet even without telling it you already have an idea what it means. Let’s take a look. Hanja #48: 山 – 메 산 山 산 is perhaps the easiest hanja anyone exploring hanja  will come across. This character represents ‘mountain. Because of its meaning you will often see it used with all words that relate to a mountain in some way. Some of the popular activities such as hiking and mountain climbing incorporate this little hanja. So it is well worth the time to explore the possibilities of this character. A lot of the mountains in Korea use this little 山 산 in their names. It is often the final syllable of the name. One such mountain is 백두산 白頭山 (Mount Baekdu), which is the tallest mountain on the Korean peninsula. It is located in North Korea for the most part. However, a part of it is in China so you can still visit the beautiful lake that is in that mountain range. If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 山 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 산 Mountain 山 화산 Volcano 火山 산수 Landscape, scenery 山水

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Hanja Word Drill: 母 – 어머니 모

Nov 14,17

We have come at the end of our family related hanja as we near the end of the level 8 hanja. This character is 母 모 and like its partner 父 부 it is a character you’ll come across a lot when you are delving into Korean family vocabulary. Let’s take a look at this character. Hanja #46: 母 – 어머니 모 The hanja 母 모 is a rather simple character. It represents one of the two most important people in anyone’s life: ‘mother’. So it will come to little surprise when I tell you, you’ll meet this character quite often when you are dealing with Korean family vocabulary. However, like the English word ‘mother’, it is sometimes used in a more figurative way. One of the most important words it forms is with its partner character 父 부 (father) to create the Korean word 부모 父母 which is parents. In a way isn’t that a rather simple way to say parents? If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 母 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 부모 Parents 父母 모녀 Mother and daughter 母女 모교 One’s old school, alma mater 母校 모국 Motherland, fatherland, homeland, native land 母國 학부모 Parents of student 學父母

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Hanja Word Drill: 二 – 두 이

Nov 14,17

Time to talk about the final hanja numeral of level 8 hanja. That hanja is 二 이. Like most hanja numerals, this one has little use outsides its meaning as a number, but like all other hanja it deserves its own article. So let’s take a look at it. Hanja #45: 二 – 두 이 The hanja character 二 이 is the same as writing the number 2 in a text. Though it ought to be obvious, this character is for the Sino-Korean number 이 only, not the native korean number 둘. Like all the other hanja numerals most of the uses for this one is in regards of counting or ordering things such as months, minutes, etc. If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 二 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 이 Two, 2 二 이월 February 二月 십이월 December 十二月

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Word Of The Day #12: 만일

Nov 14,17

Side note: Like in many languages, certain Korean words will show up along with certain grammar topics. The word of today, 만일, is one such word. This word will generally come in sentences along with the grammar pattern -(으)면. Another example of such word is 혹시 (If, by any chance, in case that). However, this does not mean you cannot use them without that pattern or that -(으)면 without such words. Vocabulary In Example 만일: If, in case that 휴가: Vacation, holiday, break 비: Rain 많이: A lot, many 비가 오다: To rain 따뜻하다: To be warm 나라: Country 여행: Travel 여행을 가다: To go travelling Related hanja of word of the day: 萬 – 일만 만 and 一 – 한 일. Grammar In Use 때 이/가 -(으)면 -(으)ㄴ / -는 / -(으)ㄹ (으)로 을/를 -(으)ㄹ까요

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Hanja Word Drill: 中 – 가운데 중

Nov 13,17

It is time for another location hanja and this hanja is 中 중. This is an interesting hanja as you will use it it not only for China, but Korean grammar also has a use for this hanja. Let’s take a look at this hanja of many firsts, shall we?

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Hanja Word Drill: 小 – 작을 소

Nov 13,17

One of the fun hanja is up. The hanja 小 소 is the first hanja that describes an appearance and it is perhaps one of the characters most people might already know. It is a fun hanja as it appears in a lot of words so let us take a gander at this character. Hanja #42: 小 – 작을 소 小 소 is perhaps the first hanja that is used to describe appearances. This hanja represents ‘small’. Small in terms of size so another way is to say it represents ‘little’. Because of that meaning you will see this little character appear in a lot of words to express it is little. However, other words use it in a more figurative way. Perhaps it is simply there for words for very young people who, of course, are little as well. If you happen to know any other word you think has this hanja, let us know in the comments. Our 小 Vocabulary List *Meanings written in italics are the meanings when you use the noun as a 하다 verb. 한국어 Meaning 한자어 대소 Big and small 大小 소인 Child 小人 소국 Minor country, a minor power 小國 소품 (Stage) props 小品

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Word Of The Day #11: 외국인

Nov 13,17

Side note: The word of the day is a complete Sino-Korean word. You probably also know ‘foreigner’ as 외국 사람. 외국 사람 is a word you’ll hear more often in daily conversation. Whereas the complete Hanja word, 외국인, you’ll end up hearing more formal situations, such as news broadcasts, public speeches and the like. However, that doesn’t mean you can’t use the word in daily conversation either. Just know that one is more prone to be used in different situations. Vocabulary In Example 저: That over there 의사: Doctor 외국인: Foreigner 이다: To be 모르다: To not know, to not understand 르 irregular verb Related hanja of word of the day: 人 – 사람 인, 國 – 나라 국 and 外 – 바깥 외. Grammar In Use -이/가 -(으)ㄴ/는지 이다 Present tense

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Hanja Word Drill: 室 – 집 실

Nov 12,17

Next hanja on the agenda is the humble 室 실 which I consider a very important and useful hanja to know. A lot of large places will have arrows and the words on those arrows just might have this little hanja in them. So let’s look at this special little character, shall we?

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