As you ought to know by now there are two sets of numbers in Korean: native Korean numbers and Sino-Korean numbers. As the name of the latter implies, those Sino-Korean numbers have a Hanja attached to it. In this article, we are looking at one of them, 六 [육].
Of all Hanja, the characters that represent the Sino-Korean numbers are perhaps the characters you are most likely to see the most. These characters are often used in markets because they are easy to indicate prices. This is especially true for numbers requiring a lot of zeroes. So it won’t surprise you to know that pretty much all Koreans can read these characters. The Hanja for the number 6 is the character 六, which has the sound 육. In North-Korea, though, it has the sound [륙].
Attention! 六月 is not pronounced [육월], but [유월]!
六 [육] Vocabulary
Whereas I typically advise against memorizing the character since for most Korean language the actual character is unimportant, for Sino-Korean numbers I advise the opposite. When you visit Korea, you are very likely to come across signs and tags that include these Hanja so you will have to be able to recognize them. For vocabulary purposes, these characters are not as useful since they have a rather limited use when you exclude names.
The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.
We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.
|Hanja / 한자||Hangeul / 한글||English / 영어|
|六日||육일||The sixth day|
|十六日||십육일||The sixteenth day|