The next Hanja is one of the more important characters you will encounter in level 8. It is the Hanja 國 [국]. This rather complex-looking character represents an important aspect of a country, so it does appear in a lot of words.
The Hanja 國 [국] is a rather complex-looking character that appears in plenty of basic and more intermediate vocabulary. The character represents the idea of ‘country’ or ‘nation’. One of the most important words you’ve learned early on, Korea utilizes this character: 韓國 (한국). In fact, a few other countries have this character in their name, like 영국 (England), 미국 (USA) and 태국 (Thailand).
However, the Hanja 國 [국] is used in many different words that all related to the concept ‘nation’ or ‘country’, so it can be quite handy to know this Hanja. It will certainly help you better understand some news articles on Korea for sure.
國 [국] Vocabulary
The Hanja 國 [국] is an important character as plenty of basic, intermediate and advanced vocabulary use this character. However, like with all Hanja, it is hardly worth the effort to memorize the actual character and its stroke order. That is only truly useful for those pursuing an academic interest in Korean. Simply focus on the vocabulary.
The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.
We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.
|Hanja / 한자||Hangeul / 한글||English / 영어|
|英國||영국||The UK, Great Britain, England|
|國史||국사||National history, the history of Korea|
|國軍||국군||Army, armed forces|
|國王||국왕||King, queen, monarch|
|國會||국회||The National Assembly|
|母國||모국||Fatherland, motherland, one’s native country|
|强國||강국||World power, powerful nation|
|母國語||모국어||Mother tongue, one’s native language|
|大韓民國||대한민국||Republic of Korea|
|國會議員||국회의원||Member of the National Assembly|
|國民 年金||국민 연금||National pension|