Time is an important part of life. We use it daily as a reference to when we do things and when we meet certain people. It comes to no surprise that a lot of vocabulary is available to us to express time. The Hanja 年 [해] is one of the characters you will often find in words related to time or things with a certain periodicity.
The character 年 [해] carries the meaning of ‘year’ and as such, it is often used in words that either express something that has a frequency of a year or years or simply the concept of a year. It is a rather simple thing to understand really.
Also, like many Hanja, the character 年 has more than one sound attached to it. You either have to pronounce it as [년] or [연]. You pronounce it as [년] when it is not the first syllable of the word. However, if not, you pronounce it as [연]. Keep this in mind.
年 [년] Vocabulary
This is a rather basic character that has its uses in learning plenty of vocabulary, especially vocabulary related to government forms since words for specific dates include this character oftentimes. Luckily it is a rather simple character to learn. As always focus on the meaning and sound, not the character itself.
The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.
We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.
|Hanja / 한자||Hangeul / 한글||English / 영어|
|每年||매년||Each year, every year|
|靑少年||청소년||Teenager, youth, adolescent|
|年間||연간||During the year, for a year|
|生年||생년||Year of birth|
|國民年金||국민 연금||National pension|
|軍人年金||군인 연금||Veteran’s pension|
|生年月日||생년월일||Date of birth|