Time to learn the Hanja for one of the most important people in your life: your mother. The character that represents ‘mother’ is 母 [모]. It is a rather simple looking Hanja, yet it is very important to know for some vocabulary. Let us take a look at this motherly Hanja.
As mentioned, the character 母, which has the sound [모], holds the meaning of mother. As such many of the Sino-Korean words incorporating these characters directly or indirectly relate to the concept of a mother and parents. One of the most important words for Korean language learners with the Hanja 母 [모] is the words that also utilizes the character for father 父 [부], 부모 (父母) which means parents in Korean. However, there are plenty of other nice words to know using this Hanja.
母 [모] Vocabulary
Like with most Hanja for most Korean language learners, it is not important to actually memorize the character 母 [모] itself. It is better to remember the sound and meaning of the character so it might help you guess the meanings of unknown words. In the end, the vocabulary you learn is far more important than the Hanja itself.
The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.
We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.
|Hanja / 한자||Hangeul / 한글||English / 영어|
|母國||모국||Fatherland, motherland, one’s native country|
|母女||모녀||Mother and daughter|
|母乳||모유||Breast milk, mother’s milk|
|母校||모교||One’s (old) school, one’s alma mater|
|母子||모자||Mother and son|
|姨母||이모||Maternal aunt, one’s mother’s sister|
|姑母||고모||Paternal aunt, one’s father’s sister|
|丈母||장모||Mother-in-law, one’s wife’s mother|
|叔母||속모||Aunt, wife of one’s father’s younger brother|
|外叔母||외속모||Aunt, wife of one’s maternal uncle|
|媤父母||시부모||One’s parents-in-law, one’s husband’s parents|
|母國語||모국어||Mother tongue, one’s native language|
|賢母良妻||현모양처||Good wife and wise mother|