Irregular verbs it is what confounds language learners throughout the ages. Unfortunately, irregular verbs tend to be among the most commonly used verbs and thus you cannot do without them. This is also the case in Korean and so we turn to learn the Korean irregular verbs. In this article, we take a look at the 르 irregular verbs.
The 르 irregular verb group, or 르 불규칙, is a group of irregular verbs who, despite appearances, are not part of the ㅡ irregular verbs. They are an entirely different group with their own special rules you will need to master. Luckily for us, there are no exceptions among them so any verb that looks like one is one.
가: 어떤 음악을 듣나요?
나: 저는 대중음악을 가끔씩 들어요.
A: What kind of music do you listen to?
B: I sometimes listen to pop music.
How To Use
The 르 irregular verbs are not an overly complicated lot, but you still need to keep your wits about. Don’t mix them up with the ㅡ irregular verbs. If you spot the syllable 르, you are dealing with a 르 irregular verb. No exception. Furthermore, there are no exceptional regular verbs like you have with the ㅂ irregular verbs, for example.
The conjugation rules for the 르 irregular verbs is rather easy because it is somewhat similar to the rules you’ve seen for the ㅡ irregular verbs. So that means these verbs act up whenever you use a verb ending that starts with 아/어, like -아/어 주세요, -아/어도, -아/어 보이다, etc. When that happens the 르 is omitted and the leftover verb stem gets a ㄹ batchim. A second ㄹ is also added, this ㄹ will combine with the first syllable of the verb ending. Keeping that in mind, you just do what you usually do with these kinds of verb endings. You look at the vowel of the verb stem’s remaining, final syllable and use the proper form.
List Of Common 르 Irregular Verbs
Irregular verbs are typically important to learn because often they are very common in daily conversations. To help you out, we have provided a list of common 르 irregular verbs. We hope this list can help you. Also, if you happen to know a verb that has not been included, do let us know so we can add it to the list. There are many verbs out there and we are not walking Korean dictionaries here at Morning Lands.
이르다 is a rather unique Korean verb. You see unlike most verbs, it has two separate conjugations and the meaning changes depending on the conjugation. When you conjugate 이르다 according to the rules of the 르 irregular verbs, it means ‘to be early’ and is an adjective (형용사). However, should you conjugate it according to the rare 러 irregular verb rules, it means ‘to arrive, to reach’ and is a verb (동사). Keep this in mind!
|르 Irregular Verb / 르 불규칙||English / 영어|
|빠르다||To be fast|
|다르다||To be different|
|거르다||To skip; To filter out|
|고르다||To select, to choose|
|구르다||To roll; To stamp one’s feet|
|그르다||To be wrong, to be false|
|기르다||To raise, to bring up|
|나르다||To carry, to transport|
|누르다||To press, to push|
|도르다||To vomit; To distribute|
|두르다||To put something around|
|모르다||To not know; To not understand|
|무르다||To be soft, to be runny|
|바르다||To cover; To smear|
|부르다||To call out; To be full|
|사르다||To commit to the flame; To winnow|
|어르다||To humour, to coax|
|오르다||To climb up, to go up|
|이르다*||To be early|
|자르다||To cut, to chop|
|조르다||To pester, to nag|
|지르다||To yell, to shriek|
|찌르다||To pierce, to stab|
|흐르다||To flow, to run|
|휘두르다||To wield, to brandish|
|타오르다||To blaze, to rage|
|차오르다||To wax; To bubble over|
|저지르다||To commit something, to do (something bad)|
|억누르다||To suppress, to contain|
|어지르다||To mess up, to make a mess|
|어우르다||To put together, to unite|
|앞지르다||To pass, to overtake|
|아우르다||To put together|
|서두르다||To rush, to hasten|
|문지르다||To rub; To scrub|
|무찌르다||To defeat, to beat|
|목마르다||To be thirsty|
|머무르다||To stay, to remain|
|마무르다||To finish, to complete|
|떠오르다||To come up; To float|
|다지르다||To make sure; To press a person|
|그느르다||To take care of, to look after|
|가새지르다||To cross each other, to intersect|
|가로지르다||To cut across, to traverse|
|기어오르다||To crawl up, to creep up|
|날아오르다||To fly up high, to soar|
|달아오르다||To become red-hot|
|뛰어오르다||To jump, to leap|
|솟아오르다||To soar into, to fly up|
|윽박지르다||To bully, to browbeat|