The particle -부터 is an important particle when it comes to talking about time. Unlike the general -에 time particle, -부터 indicates the starting time of an action or event. It can be followed then by the particle -까지, which indicates the end time of the action or event.
As mentioned, the particle -부터 is a more exact particle in meaning than the particle -에, which is a rather general particle when it comes to time. -부터 on the other hand always indicates the starting time of an event or action, so in certain situations using this particle over -에 is recommended. The particle -부터 can be followed, and often is, by the particle -까지 which then indicates the end time of that action or event.
가: 몇 시부터 볓 시까지 수업이 있어요.
나: 오전 아홉 시 반부터 오후 아홉 시까지 있어요.
A: What time do you have classes?
B: I have classes from 9:30 A.M. to 9 P.M.
How To Use
The particle -부터 is not difficult to use at all. It follows the ‘no rule’ Korean grammar rule, so you just need to attach it to the noun you have to use it with. You needn’t worry over vowels or consonants whatsoever. In this regards it is similar to its brothers -까지 and -에.
As you know, you will often use the pair -부터 -까지 to tell both the start and end time of actions or events. -에서 -까지, on the other hand, informs listeners about the departure point and destination of a movement. However, in certain cases, you can use both interchangeably without any change to the meaning. However, you needn’t use them interchangeably to be grammatically correct and doing so can cause more issues than it is worth. Therefore we recommend not doing so.