Korean Language Bank: ㅂ Irregular Verbs
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Irregular verbs are the bane of language learner’s existence. They muck up what you’ve learned and they add a layer of complexity no one asked for. However, they are a fact of life and they exist in Korean as well, so you will need to deal with them. Luckily for you, Korean irregular verbs are not overly complicated. In this article, we’ll discuss one of seven Korean irregular verb groups, the ㅂ irregular verbs.

The ㅂ irregular verb group, or ㅂ 불규칙, are a rather important group because it is perhaps the largest group. One of the reasons for its size is the forms -스럽다, -롭다 and -답다. So as you can guess it is pretty important you master the rules that dictate the proper workings of the ㅂ irregular verb. However, there is one additional complexity that comes with this group. Certain verbs that appear to be part of this group are actually completely regular. Some of these regular ㅂ verbs are 좁다 (to be narrow), 입다 (to wear), 씹다 (to chew) and 잡다 (to catch). Keep this in mind.

An example:

가: 내일 날씨가 어떨까요?

나: 날씨가 추울 것 같아요.

A: How will the weather be tomorrow?

B: I think it’s going to be cold.

How To Use

Like all irregular verbs, you will need to learn a few rules to properly use the ㅂ irregular verbs. These rules are not overly complicated, but there is a little extra hidden complexity with two verbs you need to be aware of. There is just a single major rule you need to memorize and a single deviation from it.

The major rule that governs the conjugation of the ㅂ irregular verbs goes as follows: The ㅂ transforms into a 우 syllable whenever you use the verb with a verb ending that starts with a vowel. That is all there is to properly conjugate these irregular verbs.

However, there is one slight deviation for two verbs, 돕다 (to help) and 곱다 (to be lovely, to be charming). The ㅂ of these verbs changes into 오 whenever the verb ending can start with the syllable 아, like -아/어서, -아/어야 하다, -아/어도, etc. This is an important deviation you need to remember. Luckily, this only happens with the verbs 돕다 and 곱다.

List Of Common ㅂ Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are typically important to learn because often they are very common in daily conversations. To help you out, we have provided a list of common ㅂ irregular verbs. We hope this list can help you. Also, if you happen to know a verb that has not been included, do let us know so we can add it to the list. There are many verbs out there and we are not walking Korean dictionaries here at Morning Lands.

ㅂ Irregular Verb / ㅂ 불규칙 English / 영어
쉽다 To be easy
맵다 To be spicy
춥다 To be cold
덥다 To be hot
돕다* To help
곱다* To be charming, to be lovely
굽다 To roast, to bake
깁다 To sew, to mend
줍다 To pick up; To find
눕다 To lie
무겁다 To be heavy
가볍다 To be light
고맙다 To be thankful
어렵다 To be difficult
더럽다 To be dirty
무섭다 To be scary, to be frightening
두렵다 To be fearful, to be scared
반갑다 To be glad, to be pleasant
부럽다 To be envious
어둡다 To be dark, to be gloomy
즐겁다 To be pleasant, to be enjoyable
귀엽다 To be cute
참답다 To be truthful, to be sincere
새롭다 To be new
외롭다 To be lonely, to be solitary
해롭다 To be detrimental
이롭다 To be beneficial
아름답다 To be beautiful
까다롭다 To be picky to be choosy
흥미롭다 To be interesting
Korean Language Bank Overview: ㅂ Irregular Verbs
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Korean Language Bank Overview: ㅂ Irregular Verbs
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