Irregular verbs are the bane of language learner’s existence. They muck up what you’ve learned and they add a layer of complexity no one asked for. However, they are a fact of life and they exist in Korean as well, so you will need to deal with them. Luckily for you, Korean irregular verbs are not overly complicated. In this article, we’ll discuss one of seven Korean irregular verb groups, the ㅂ irregular verbs.
The ㅂ irregular verb group, or ㅂ 불규칙, are a rather important group because it is perhaps the largest group. One of the reasons for its size is the forms -스럽다, -롭다 and -답다. So as you can guess it is pretty important you master the rules that dictate the proper workings of the ㅂ irregular verb. However, there is one additional complexity that comes with this group. Certain verbs that appear to be part of this group are actually completely regular. Some of these regular ㅂ verbs are 좁다 (to be narrow), 입다 (to wear), 씹다 (to chew) and 잡다 (to catch). Keep this in mind.
가: 내일 날씨가 어떨까요?
나: 날씨가 추울 것 같아요.
A: How will the weather be tomorrow?
B: I think it’s going to be cold.
How To Use
Like all irregular verbs, you will need to learn a few rules to properly use the ㅂ irregular verbs. These rules are not overly complicated, but there is a little extra hidden complexity with two verbs you need to be aware of. There is just a single major rule you need to memorize and a single deviation from it.
The major rule that governs the conjugation of the ㅂ irregular verbs goes as follows: The ㅂ transforms into a 우 syllable whenever you use the verb with a verb ending that starts with a vowel. That is all there is to properly conjugate these irregular verbs.
However, there is one slight deviation for two verbs, 돕다 (to help) and 곱다 (to be lovely, to be charming). The ㅂ of these verbs changes into 오 whenever the verb ending can start with the syllable 아, like -아/어서, -아/어야 하다, -아/어도, etc. This is an important deviation you need to remember. Luckily, this only happens with the verbs 돕다 and 곱다.
List Of Common ㅂ Irregular Verbs
Irregular verbs are typically important to learn because often they are very common in daily conversations. To help you out, we have provided a list of common ㅂ irregular verbs. We hope this list can help you. Also, if you happen to know a verb that has not been included, do let us know so we can add it to the list. There are many verbs out there and we are not walking Korean dictionaries here at Morning Lands.
|ㅂ Irregular Verb / ㅂ 불규칙||English / 영어|
|쉽다||To be easy|
|맵다||To be spicy|
|춥다||To be cold|
|덥다||To be hot|
|곱다*||To be charming, to be lovely|
|굽다||To roast, to bake|
|깁다||To sew, to mend|
|줍다||To pick up; To find|
|무겁다||To be heavy|
|가볍다||To be light|
|고맙다||To be thankful|
|어렵다||To be difficult|
|더럽다||To be dirty|
|무섭다||To be scary, to be frightening|
|두렵다||To be fearful, to be scared|
|반갑다||To be glad, to be pleasant|
|부럽다||To be envious|
|어둡다||To be dark, to be gloomy|
|즐겁다||To be pleasant, to be enjoyable|
|귀엽다||To be cute|
|참답다||To be truthful, to be sincere|
|새롭다||To be new|
|외롭다||To be lonely, to be solitary|
|해롭다||To be detrimental|
|이롭다||To be beneficial|
|아름답다||To be beautiful|
|까다롭다||To be picky to be choosy|
|흥미롭다||To be interesting|