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Korean Language Bank: 國 [국] – 나라 국
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The next Hanja is one of the more important characters you will encounter in level 8. It is the Hanja 國 [국]. This rather complex-looking character represents an important aspect of a country, so it does appear in a lot of words.

The Hanja 國 [국] is a rather complex-looking character that appears in plenty of basic and more intermediate vocabulary. The character represents the idea of ‘country’ or ‘nation’. One of the most important words you’ve learned early on, Korea utilizes this character: 韓 (한국). In fact, a few other countries have this character in their name, like 영국 (England), 미국 (USA) and 태국 (Thailand).

However, the Hanja 國 [국] is used in many different words that all related to the concept ‘nation’ or ‘country’, so it can be quite handy to know this Hanja. It will certainly help you better understand some news articles on Korea for sure.

國 [국] Vocabulary

The Hanja 國 [국] is an important character as plenty of basic, intermediate and advanced vocabulary use this character. However, like with all Hanja, it is hardly worth the effort to memorize the actual character and its stroke order. That is only truly useful for those pursuing an academic interest in Korean. Simply focus on the vocabulary.

The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.

We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.

Hanja / 한자 Hangeul / 한글 English / 영어
한국 Korea
영국 The UK, Great Britain, England
미국 The USA
태국 Thailand
중국 China
국사 National history, the history of Korea
국내 Domestic
외국 Foreign country
외국인 Foreigner
외국어 Foreign language
국군 Army, armed forces
왕국 Kingdom
제국 Empire
국왕 King, queen, monarch
천국 Heaven, Paradise
국외 Foreign
국가 Nation, country
국회 The National Assembly
會議員 국회의원 Member of the National Assembly
민국 Republic; Democracy
韓民 대한민국 Republic of Korea
국민 연금 National pension
中立 중립국 Neutral country
강국 World power, powerful nation
先進 선진국 Developed country
後進 후진국 Underdeveloped country
主義 군국주의 Militarism
Hanja Chart: 國 [국] - 나라 국
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Hanja Chart: 國 [국] – 나라 국
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