Korean Language Bank: 年 [년] - 해 년
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Time is an important part of life. We use it daily as a reference to when we do things and when we meet certain people. It comes to no surprise that a lot of vocabulary is available to us to express time. The Hanja 年 [해] is one of the characters you will often find in words related to time or things with a certain periodicity.

The character 年 [해] carries the meaning of ‘year’ and as such, it is often used in words that either express something that has a frequency of a year or years or simply the concept of a year. It is a rather simple thing to understand really.

Also, like many Hanja, the character 年 has more than one sound attached to it. You either have to pronounce it as [년] or [연]. You pronounce it as [년] when it is not the first syllable of the word. However, if not, you pronounce it as [연]. Keep this in mind.

年 [년] Vocabulary

This is a rather basic character that has its uses in learning plenty of vocabulary, especially vocabulary related to government forms since words for specific dates include this character oftentimes. Luckily it is a rather simple character to learn. As always focus on the meaning and sound, not the character itself.

The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.

We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.

Hanja / 한자 Hangeul / 한글 English / 영어
Year
학년 Grade, year
매년 Each year, every year
작년 Last year
靑少 청소년 Teenager, youth, adolescent
청년 Young man
연간 During the year, for a year
연금 Pension, annuity
생년 Year of birth
국민 연금 National pension
군인 연금 Veteran’s pension
月日 생년월일 Date of birth
Hanja Chart: 年 [년] - 해 년
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Hanja Chart: 年 [년] – 해 년
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