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Korean Language Bank: 르 Irregular Verbs
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Irregular verbs it is what confounds language learners throughout the ages. Unfortunately, irregular verbs tend to be among the most commonly used verbs and thus you cannot do without them. This is also the case in Korean and so we turn to learn the Korean irregular verbs. In this article, we take a look at the 르 irregular verbs.

The 르 irregular verb group, or 르 불규칙, is a group of irregular verbs who, despite appearances, are not part of the ㅡ irregular verbs. They are an entirely different group with their own special rules you will need to master. Luckily for us, there are no exceptions among them so any verb that looks like one is one.

An example:

가: 어떤 음악을 듣나요?

나: 저는 대중음악을 가끔씩 들어요.

A: What kind of music do you listen to?

B: I sometimes listen to pop music.

How To Use

The 르 irregular verbs are not an overly complicated lot, but you still need to keep your wits about. Don’t mix them up with the ㅡ irregular verbs. If you spot the syllable 르, you are dealing with a 르 irregular verb. No exception. Furthermore, there are no exceptional regular verbs like you have with the ㅂ irregular verbs, for example.

The conjugation rules for the 르 irregular verbs is rather easy because it is somewhat similar to the rules you’ve seen for the ㅡ irregular verbs. So that means these verbs act up whenever you use a verb ending that starts with 아/어, like -아/어 주세요, -아/어도, -아/어 보이다, etc. When that happens the 르 is omitted and the leftover verb stem gets a ㄹ batchim. A second ㄹ is also added, this ㄹ will combine with the first syllable of the verb ending. Keeping that in mind, you just do what you usually do with these kinds of verb endings. You look at the vowel of the verb stem’s remaining, final syllable and use the proper form.

List Of Common 르 Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are typically important to learn because often they are very common in daily conversations. To help you out, we have provided a list of common 르 irregular verbs. We hope this list can help you. Also, if you happen to know a verb that has not been included, do let us know so we can add it to the list. There are many verbs out there and we are not walking Korean dictionaries here at Morning Lands.

*이르다

이르다 is a rather unique Korean verb. You see unlike most verbs, it has two separate conjugations and the meaning changes depending on the conjugation. When you conjugate 이르다 according to the rules of the 르 irregular verbs, it means ‘to be early’ and is an adjective (형용사). However, should you conjugate it according to the rare 러 irregular verb rules, it means ‘to arrive, to reach’ and is a verb (동사). Keep this in mind!

르 Irregular Verb / 르 불규칙 English / 영어
빠르다 To be fast
다르다 To be different
가르다 To cut
거르다 To skip; To filter out
고르다 To select, to choose
구르다 To roll; To stamp one’s feet
그르다 To be wrong, to be false
기르다 To raise, to bring up
나르다 To carry, to transport
누르다 To press, to push
도르다 To vomit; To distribute
두르다 To put something around
마르다 To dry
모르다 To not know; To not understand
무르다 To be soft, to be runny
바르다 To cover; To smear
부르다 To call out; To be full
사르다 To commit to the flame; To winnow
어르다 To humour, to coax
오르다 To climb up, to go up
이르다* To be early
자르다 To cut, to chop
조르다 To pester, to nag
지르다 To yell, to shriek
찌르다 To pierce, to stab
흐르다 To flow, to run
휘두르다 To wield, to brandish
타오르다 To blaze, to rage
차오르다 To wax; To bubble over
짓누르다 To press
주무르다 To massage
저지르다 To commit something, to do (something bad)
억누르다 To suppress, to contain
어지르다 To mess up, to make a mess
어우르다 To put together, to unite
앞지르다 To pass, to overtake
암지르다 To complete
아우르다 To put together
서두르다 To rush, to hasten
문지르다 To rub; To scrub
무찌르다 To defeat, to beat
목마르다 To be thirsty
머무르다 To stay, to remain
마무르다 To finish, to complete
떠오르다 To come up; To float
다지르다 To make sure; To press a person
그느르다 To take care of, to look after
가새지르다 To cross each other, to intersect
가로지르다 To cut across, to traverse
기어오르다 To crawl up, to creep up
날아오르다 To fly up high, to soar
달아오르다 To become red-hot
뛰어오르다 To jump, to leap
솟아오르다 To soar into, to fly up
윽박지르다 To bully, to browbeat
Korean Language Bank Overview: 르 Irregular Verbs
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Korean Language Bank Overview: 르 Irregular Verbs
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