Korean Language Bank: 女 [녀] - 여자 녀
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The Hanja 女 [녀] is a rather useful character that is still often used in Korea as part of simple signage in everyday life. It represents one of the two sexes. The Hanja 男 [남] is its counterpart. Knowing these two characters will prevent you from making some silly mistakes in Korea.

The Hanja 女 [녀] represents ‘woman’ and as such, it is often used to indicate specifically something as a woman. In Korean, words are generally genderneutral, but with this Hanja and 男 [남], you can explicitly indicate them as male or female.

Also, The character 女 has not one, but two possible sounds attached to it. First, you have its standard sound [녀]. However, the sound can also be [여]. Generally, the sound [여] is used when the Hanja 女 is the first character of the Sino-Korean word. However, if it is not the sound will be [녀]. The Hanja 女 [녀] is not the only character who has this characteristic. Many characters have multiple possible sounds, like 年 [년].

女 [녀] Vocabulary

As mentioned, this character is used in signage. This is especially true in traditional and old places, where instead of icons, they rely on these well-known Hanja to indicate a room or place is reserved for women only. Therefore, knowing this character and its male counterpart can prevent you from making a few silly mistakes when visiting Korea.

The character ~ indicates the following part is a pure Korean word and thus has no Hanja counterpart.

We give the verb/adjective meaning of nouns in brackets ‘( )’. As you know Sino-Korean nouns (한자어) can be used as verbs/adjectives with 하다.

Hanja / 한자 Hangeul / 한글 English / 영어
여자 Woman, girl
여성 Female
소녀 Young girl
손녀 Granddaughter
처녀 Unmarried woman
學生 여학생 Female student, girl student
소녀 Sister, nun
미녀 Beautiful woman
효녀 Devoted daughter, filial daughter
老處 노처녀 Old maid, spinster
장녀 Oldest daughter
童貞 동정녀 Virgin; The Virgin Mary, the Blessed Virgin
Hanja Chart: 女 [녀] - 여자 녀
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Hanja Chart: 女 [녀] – 여자 녀
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