Korean Pronunciation: ㅅ > [ㅆ]; ㅄ > [ㅆ]; ㅊ + ㄱ > [ㄷ] + [ㄲ] and ㅊ + ㅁ > [ㄴ] + ㅁ

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Proper pronunciation is a vital skill you need to master and in our previous article we’ve introduced 3 Korean pronunciation rules. In this post we are going to expand on those rules with 4 more. These rules are: [ㄷ] + ㄴ, ㅎ + ㅈ and [ㄷ] + ㅁ. However, these rules encompass a bit more than just what you see now. Let’s get started

Korean Pronunciation Rule: ㅅ > [ㅆ]

This first pronunciation rule is a very important rule as it is one of the basic Korean pronunciation rules. Because it is one of the basic rules, it applies to more consonants than the one I use in the title. This pronunciation rule goes like this: When the consonants ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ and ㅈ are the initial consonant of a syllable that follows a syllable ending in ㄱ, ㄷ or ㅂ; those initial consonants are pronounced [ㄲ], [ㄸ], [ㅃ], [ㅆ] and [ㅉ] respectively.

[pullquote-right]This rule is one of the very basic pronunciation rules in Korean.[/pullquote-right]

A few examples:

  • 학생 : [학쌩]
  • 먹다 : [먹따]
  • 어젯밤 : [어젣빰]
  • 숟가락 : [숟까락]
  • 걱정 : [걱쩡]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: ㅅ > [ㅆ]
Pronunciation Rule: ㅅ > [ㅆ]

Korean Pronunciation Rule: ㅄ > [ㅆ]

The next rule is another basic rule so it is best to get use to. As you know normally Korean syllables with just 1 consonant. However, sometimes it happens it ends in two syllables such as ㅄ or ㄻ. This rule we want to focus on ㅄ and ㄳ as these consonant duo’s have the ㅅ as the real final consonant.

For syllables with double consonants that end in a ㅅ, such as ㅄ and ㄳ, you pronounce the ㅅ as [ㅆ] when the following syllable starts in a vowel.

[pullquote-right]This rule applies to all double consonant batchim whose final consonant is ㅅ.[/pullquote-right]

A few examples:

  • 없어요 : [업써요]
  • 값이 : [갑씨]
  • 몫이에요 : [먹씨에요]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: ㅄ > [ㅆ]
Pronunciation Rule: ㅄ > [ㅆ]

Korean Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㄱ > [멷] + [ㄲ]

Following that pronunciation rule, is this rule: 몇 + ㄱ > [멷] + [ㄲ]. This rule involves the word 몇 which is a question word used in conjunction with other words such as counting nouns to ask “how much?” or “how many?”. Under normal circumstance this word is pronounced as [멷].

However, when 몇 is followed by the same consonants as mentioned in the first rule of this post (ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ and ㅈ), you pronounce them as [ㄲ], [ㄸ], [ㅃ], [ㅆ] and [ㅉ] respectively. This is one of 2 rules specific to the word 몇.

A few examples:

  • 몇 개 : [멷 깨]
  • 몇 병 : [멷 뼝]
  • 몇 잔 : [멷 짠]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㄱ > [멷] + [ㄲ]
Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㄱ > [멷] + [ㄲ]

Korean Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㅁ > [면] + ㅁ

As mentioned in the previous rule, 몇 + ㄱ > [멷] + [ㄲ], there is another rule related to 몇. That rule is 몇 + ㅁ > [면] + ㅁ. A rule smaller in scope, yet not less important.

This rule has it that when you have 몇 in front of a syllable starting with the consonant ㅁ, the ㅊ needs to be read [ㄴ] instead of the normal [ㄷ].

A few examples:

  • 몇 마리 : [변 마리]
  • 몇 명 : [면 명]
  • 몇 마디 : [면 마디]
Korean Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㅁ > [면] + ㅁ
Pronunciation Rule: 몇 + ㅁ > [면] + ㅁ

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May 29, 2017

2 responses on "Korean Pronunciation: ㅅ > [ㅆ]; ㅄ > [ㅆ]; ㅊ + ㄱ > [ㄷ] + [ㄲ] and ㅊ + ㅁ > [ㄴ] + ㅁ"

  1. Love you website!! Keep it up… helps me so much to understand.. Thanks a million

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