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Today’s word of the day at Morning Land is the word 가족. 가족 (Hanja: 家族) means ‘family‘. This perhaps one of the earliest words you will learn in Korean as it is simple to understand. There is little else to say, about its Hanja. One of its characters, 家 [가] is a rather important Hanja as it represents ‘house’ and appears in many other words.

Example Sentence with 가족

Because the word 가족 is a basic word, we kept the sentence at the basic level. We did add some less basic words into the mix though:

우리 가족은 주말마다 등산하러 교외에 가요.

My family goes out of town to hike each weekend.

To help you better understand the sentences let’s go over the entire sentence word-by-word:

  • 우리 가족은: We add the particle topic -는 since 우리 가족 is the topic of the sentence/conversation. We use -은 specifically because 가족 ends in a batchim (consonant).
  • 주말마다: Because we want to express that our family does it every weekend, we can use the particle -마다 to express that frequency.
  • 등산하러 … 가요: We are expressing in this sentence our intent to go hiking, but for that, we have to go somewhere. To express that we use the form -(으)러. This form is therefore always followed by a verb expressing movement like 가다 here.
  • 교외에: 교외 is a fancy way to say the suburbs, but also includes the countryside. We add the particle -에 to it because that is where we are going to.
  • 가요: Because we are simply stating a fact about 우리 가족 we use the present tense in Korean. For simplicity, it is set in the polite style (해요체).

Vocabulary

Korean / 한국어 Hanja / 한자 English / 여어
우리 We
가족 家族 Family
주말 週末 Weekend
등산하다 登山~ To hike
교외 郊外 The suburbs, the countryside
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