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Today’s word of the day at Morning Land is the word 손자. 손자 (Hanja: 孫子) means ‘grandchild, grandson’. Like in all peoples, Korean grandparents are doting grandparents who love and cherish their grandchildren. The word 손자, though, refers to grandsons specifically. The word 손녀 (Hanja: 孫) is for granddaughters and 손주 (Hanja: 孫~) is the genderneutral word for grandchildren. 손자 is a Sino-Korean word, so it does have any Hanja associated with it: 孫子.

Example Sentence with 손자

The word 손자 is a word that you can count as one suited more for intermediate and advanced learners. Like in English, it is not used that often in conversations because using the names of the grandchildren is still easiest.

설날에 우리 할머니는 모든 손자에게 돈을 주셔요.

On New Year’s Day, my grandmother gives money to all her grandchildren.

To help you better understand the sentences let’s go over the entire sentence word-by-word:

  • 설날에: This expresses when the action takes place, 설날. Thus, we use the particle -에 to indicate this.
  • 우리 할머니는: We use the topic particle -은/는 with 할머니 as she is the topic. We use -는 specifically because the noun ends in no batchim (vowel).
  • 모든 손자에게: We use the indirect object particle -에게 with 손자 because they are on the receiving end of the verb 주다.
  • 돈을: 돈 is the direct object of the sentence and thus we attach to it the direct object particle -을/를.
  • 주셔요: We are merely stating a fact so we can use the present tense. For the sake of simplicity, we kept it at the polite style (해요체). Furthermore, we use honorific language (높임말) because the topic of our sentence is 우리 할머니, who we need to honour.

Vocabulary

Korean / 한국어 Hanja / 한자 English / 여어
설날 Korean New Year
우리 We, us; Our
할머니 Grandmother
모든 All, every
손자 孫子 Grandson, grandchild
Money
주다 To give
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